Coordinating and Correlative Conjunctions
- I ate lunch with Kate and Derma.
- Because it is rainy today, the trip is canceled.
- She didn’t press the bell, but I did.
There are three types of conjunctions:
a.Connect words, phrases, or clauses that are independent or equal
b.and, but, or, so, for, yet, and not
a.Used in pairs
b.both/and, either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also
a.Used at the beginning of subordinate clauses
b.although, after, before, because, how, if, once, since, so that, until, unless, when, while, where, whether, etc.
1.And—means “in addition to”:
- We are going to a zoo and an aquarium on the same day.
2.But—connects two different things that are not in agreement:
- I am a night owl, but she is an early bird.
3.Or—indicates a choice between two things:
- Do you want a red one or a blue one?
4.So—illustrates a result of the first thing:
- This song has been very popular, so I downloaded it.
- I want to go there again, for it was a wonderful trip.
6.Yet—indicates contrast with something:
- He performed very well, yet he didn’t make the final cut.
- She won gold medals from both the single and group races.
- Both TV and television are correct words.
- I am fine with either Monday or Wednesday.
- You can have either apples or pears.
- He enjoys neither drinking nor gambling.
- Neither you nor I will get off early today.
4.Not only/but also
- Not only red but also green looks good on you.
- She got the perfect score in not only English but also math.
[Quiz 25.1] Coordinating and Correlative Conjunctions
Write the correct conjunction in each sentence.
1) my friend I are taking the geography class.
2)Do you want to go swimming golfing?
3)I studied grammar for a long time, I still make mistakes.
4) wood bricks can be used as home building materials.
5)I wasn’t feeling well this morning, I had to go to work.
1) Both, and
3) but (yet)
4) Either, or
5) yet (but)